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A kidney stone is actually comprised of small, calcium crystals that develop within the kidneys.

Kidney stones are one of the most common urinary conditions experienced by a significant number of individuals – old and young. While male and female can produce kidney stones, more than 80% of patients with kidney stones are men.

A kidney stone is actually comprised of small, calcium crystals that develop within the kidneys. Minerals like calcium, oxalate and uric acid can crystallize. The crystals can then join together and form a kidney stone.

The stone of crystals usually causes little pain until it falls into the tube that drains the kidney into the bladder. If a kidney stone is large enough, it can block the flow and prevent urine from draining out of the bladder.

What magnifies the pain is that kidney stones are very rarely smooth, but instead comprised of sharp and pointed edges. As a result, a kidney stone blocking the urinary track or tube can result in extreme pain.

Kidney stones may occur when the normal balance of water, salts, minerals and other substances found in urine changes.

Initially the stone may cause pain on the side of your body between your rib cage and hips or back with pain radiating to the groin. A person could also experience nausea or vomiting, progressing into painful urination.

Not drinking enough water can result in the formation of a kidney stone. When you don’t drink enough water, the salts, minerals and other substances in the urine can stick together and form a stone. The average adult needs to drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day.

Potassium is an important mineral that helps to decrease the amount of calcium in the urine. So eating more fresh fruits and vegetables increases your potassium intake helps reduce the risk of kidney stones to form.

If you have had kidney stones in the past that are linked to a high amount of calcium in your urine, you might consider limiting your daily sodium intake. This will also help keep blood pressure down and have a healthier heart.

Conditions like gout, urinary tract infections, and inflammatory bowel disease like Crohn’s disease can lead to the formation of a kidney stone.

Finally, just getting up from the desk chair and the couch and taking a walk can help as well. Being sedentary with limited activity can cause the bones to release more calcium that, in turn, can trigger the production of calcium crystals.